Sanctuaries in the Snow




Sanctuaries in the Snow - The Shrines of Aspen/Snowmass
(including Plaques, Memorials, Displays, Benches, Signs, and other miscellaneous items)

This site, Sanctuaries in the Snow - The Shrines of Aspen/Snowmass, covers the mystical shrines hidden in the trees on the four ski mountains of Aspen/Snowmass:  Aspen Mountain, Aspen Highlands, Buttermilk, and Snowmass.  For a listing of these Shrines by mountain, click on "The Shrines" above left on this page.

The creator of this site can be reached at   Also a book about the shrines is available for purchase; click on the "Purchase the Book" button at the top of this page.  All money from book sales are donated to charity.

In addition to covering the Shrines, this site also gives coverage to various plaques, memorials, displays, benches, signs, and other miscellaneous items existing on (or immediately adjacent to) the mountains that are not shrines in the strictest sense.  These items include mostly memorial plaques, memorial benches, and other types of memorials, but also include other various items that are neither shrines nor memorials, such as wooden signs, cabins, shacks, an outhouse, sculptures, statues, lift chairs, ski boots, fake alligators, a tepee, an incline lift, and a bedroom, as well as a noose, a wooden chair, elk and deer heads, "todboggans," photos, a bell, a flag, a cross, a knife, walls made of skis, and many other various and miscellaneous items.  For a listing of these items by mountain click on "The Plaques, Memorials, Displays, Benches, Signs, and Other Miscellaneous items" above left on this page.

The purpose of this website is to catalog and document these shrines, memorials, and items, and create a written and photographic record of them.  Whether you like the shrines or not, they are a part of the ski history of Aspen/Snowmass; perhaps just a small part of that history, but nevertheless a part of it, and this web site is intended to help preserve that history.  In keeping with the local custom, this site does not reveal shrine locations.

There is a separate page for each shrine and each item.  On each such page a general description of the shrine or item is first given, and then there are photos of the shrine or item (or a link to a page that has photos).  There are almost 2500 photos on this web site alone.

To the best of the author's knowledge, there are over 150 shrines that exist now, or have existed, on the mountains of Aspen/Snowmass.  If you know of other shrines, plaques, memorials or other items that are not covered on this site, and if you would like to share information and photos for use on this site, please send such information and photos to   For a listing of the shrines, in alphabetical order by mountain, go to this page:  The Shrines   The author is also aware of over 210 plaques, memorials, displays and other miscellaneous items (other than shrines) on the four mountains.  For a list of these items, in alphabetical order by mountain, go to this page:  /the-plaques-memorials-displays-and-miscellaneous.html

Some of the shrines covered on this site are presently in existence, and some are not. This site endeavors to cover all of the Aspen/Snowmass shrines that have ever existed (to the best of the author's knowledge) whether or not they presently exist.

The Aspen/Snowmass Shrines are homemade covert memorials made by anonymous locals, and hidden in the trees off of the various ski runs of one of the four mountains. They are a packrat's nest of keepsakes and other items, consisting mostly of laminated photos, pictures, license plates, beads, silk flowers, wind chimes, mementos, tokens, plaques, and other memorabilia attached to tree trunks and put there in honor of particular heroes of the locals. They started to appear in the late 1970's, and in the beginning memorialized mostly musicians, but have now expanded well beyond that. They are funky, grassroots creations, and a quirky Aspen tradition that has become a brand of folk art that Aspen can call its own, and born out of the ski culture the town has shaped. The Shrines of Aspen/Snowmass set it apart from virtually all other ski areas; they add mystique, culture and local flavor to a mountain that's already rich with mining and skiing lore. They have been called by some "Sanctuaries in the Snow," "Temples in the Trees," and "Tributes in the Trees," but are most often referred to simply as the "Shrines." Except for a few minor exceptions, the various local creators of the various shrines are not known to the general populace. There are no maps showing their locations; directions to them are all word-of-mouth, and in many cases accurate local knowledge is required to find some that are squirreled away deep in the trees. They are one way the locals have made the tourist-dominated resort their own. Most tourists have never seen one, and in fact, more than a few locals have never seen one either.

Any shrines existing on Forest Service lands violate the Forest Service rules, and are prohibited.  The Aspen Highlands, Buttermilk, and Snowmass ski areas contain the most Forest Service lands; Aspen Mountain has the least.

A good summary and introduction to the Shrines of Aspen/Snowmass appeared in an article in the Aspen Times Weekly of February 18, 2006 (“Find Your Shrine on Ajax” by Kimberly Nicoletti.  See:

“For about two decades, locals have been ducking into favorite hideouts on Aspen Mountain and nailing pictures, license plates, beads, silk flowers, wind chimes and other memorabilia to tree trunks in honor of their particular heroes. The spruce trees and lodgepole pines hide sanctuaries dedicated to musicians, beloved locals, buckaroos, soiled doves and even toys and cartoon characters.”

This February 24, 2012 article in the Aspen Daily News had this to say about the Aspen Shrines:  "They are funky, grassroots creations. They are a brand of folk art that Aspen can call its own — born out of the ski culture this town has shaped."  The article also refers readers to this web site.

In an article called "Aspen's Best — Outside" in the Aspen Times on September 2, 2006 (see:   the following was stated about the Aspen Shrines:  

"The shrines of Aspen Mountain set it apart from virtually all other ski areas.  They add mystique, culture and local flavor to a mountain that's already rich with mining and skiing lore." 

 For a number of years the official Aspen/Snowmass website ( made three different mentions of the Aspen Shrines.  Over the years the wording varied; the most recent versions are stated below:

1.  In the "Top 10 Things About Aspen Mountain" section of the official web site, #9 was:  "The Shrines – Ask a mountain ambassador for a tour or take off on your own and explore the glades of Aspen Mountain in search of the infamous shrines.  Elvis, Jerry Garcia, Marilyn Monroe and Jimi Hendrix, among others are immortalized in these hidden gems tucked in the trees."  See:  
2.  The "Fun Facts" section of the official web site said:  "Throughout Aspen Mountain's trees, you can find four hidden 'shrines' made by locals in homage to John Denver, Elvis Presley, Marilyn Monroe and The Greatful [sic] Dead's, Jerry Garcia."

 3.  The "Tips For a Great Vacation" section of the official web site said:  "Visit the shrines on Aspen Mountain!  Can you find the John Denver shrine hidden in the trees?  You won't find them on any trail map, but hidden in the trees are tributes to Elvis, Marilyn, Jerry and other deceased luminaries.  Ask a patroller or local to point them out."  See: (pages 20-21).

In January 2011, Jeff Hanle, Director of Public Relations, Aspen Skiing Company, was quoted as follows: "The [Aspen/Snowmass] shrines are so organic to these mountains.  There are small shrines and pretty big ones.  They are ways for people to honor someone special.  We do our best to make sure people leave them alone so they can be enjoyed by others."  See:


When, Where, and How Did the Shrines Start?

There is some question as to when the shrines started and which one was first.  Some people think the Elvis Presley Shrine was first; he died in 1977.  Others think the Bob Marley/Jerry Garcia Shrine was first; Marley died in 1981 and Garcia in 1995.  See the pages for the Elvis Presley Shrine and the Jerry Garcia Shrine on this site for more information about which shrine may have been the first one.  For the most part the author of this web site is not aware of the date most shrines were created; if the date is known, it is stated on the page for that particular shrine.  The author is also not aware of the identity of the person or persons who created most of the shrines.  If the identity of a shrine creator is known to the author, and if that person has given the author permission to disclose his or her name, it is noted on the page on this site for that particular shrine.  According to local expert T.C. the Jerry Garcia and John Denver shrines were created at sites that had preexisting wooden benches which had been installed previously by certain locals.  These wooden benches were in place for some indeterminate period of time before the shrine materials were added by others at a later date.     

In Aspen Magazine, Holiday 1995/96, Volume 22, No. 1, there is an article, "Ski Secrets of Ajax" by Bill Kerig. "Bill Kerig ponders Elvis's Highway, Marilyn's Shrine, and other windows on the soul of Aspen Mountain." The article mentions the Elvis Presley and Marilyn Monroe shrines and says they have existed for 10 years (back to 1985). Mention is also made of the Yankee Stadium sign and also Uncle Wiggly's tree. There is no mention at all of either Jerry Garcia or Bob Marley. At the end of the article is a footnote that says "Aspen Magazine is offering a reward for information on the shrines' creators." The author wonders if they received any information.     

Where are the Shrines Located?

Most of the Shrines are located on Aspen Mountain.  But there are also Shrines on the other three mountains.  See below for listings by mountain.  In keeping with the local custom, this site does not reveal shrine locations.

The Aspen Mountain Shrines are:
The 9/11 Shrine
The Adam Dennis Shrine
The Amy Jo Bourrete Shrine
The Aspen Ski Hall of Fame Shrine
The Barney Berglund Shrine
The Bear Bryant/Alabama Football Shrine
The Beatles Shrine
The Bert Petersen Shrine
The Bingo Shrine
The Black Dog Shrine
The Bob Marley Smoke Shack Shrine
The Buckaroo Shrine
The Burning Man Shrine
The Callie Rose Long Shrine
The Carlos Anderson Shrine
The Christian Daniel Streuli Shrine
The Dale Earnhardt, Sr. Shrine
The David Bowie Shrine
The Doug Valley Shrine
The Drummer Shrine
The Elizabeth Paepcke Shrine
The Elvis Presley Shrine
The Ex-Skico Employee's Shrine
The Fenway Park/Boston Red Sox Shrine
The Girls Shrine
The Glenn Frey Shrine
The Golf Shrine
The Guinness/Irish Shrine
The Hansi Brenninger Shrine
The "I Believe" Shrine
The "In Memory of Dogs of Aspen" Shrine
The "In Memory of Friends of Aspen" Shrine
The Jerry Garcia Shrine
The Jessica Bloch Shrine
The Jimi Hendrix Shrine
The Jimmy Buffett Shrine
The Joan Campion Reilly Holm ("Joan My Mom") Shrine
The John Denver Shrine
The John Nicoletta Shrine
The Jon Silver Shrine
The Jon (STU) Stuart Shrine
The Junee Kirk Shrine
The Karl Larson Shrine
The Kristen Asako Barwick Shrine
The Lemmy Shrine
The Liberace Shrine
The Los Angeles Dodgers Shrine
The Ludwig Dream King Shrine
The Marilyn Monroe Shrine
The Mark Bedell Shrine
The Marty Gancsos Shrine
The Michael Houser Shrine
The Michael Jackson Shrine
The Minions Shrine
The Morton and Susan Gurrentz Shrine
The Nancy Pfister Shrine
The Patrick J. Reilly Shrine
The Patti Seifert Shrine
The Peter Joseph Rizzuto Shrine
The Pooper Trooper Park Shrine
The Poseidon Shrine
The Raoul Wille Shrine
The Regina Wise Shrine
The Richard Fry Shrine
The Robert Greg Miller Shrine
The Sam Coffey Shrine
The Scottish Shrine
The Simpsons Shrine
The Smurfs Shrine
The Snoopy Shrine
The South African Shrine
The Steve Butts Shrine
The Steve Menscher Shrine
The Steve Welsh Shrine
The Stevie Ray Vaughan Shrine
The Stewart Oksenhorn Shrine
The Super Heroes Shrine
The Susanne Wohnberger Shrine
The Tom Cole ("Be Here Now") Shrine
The Tom Sharkey Shrine
The Valentine’s Shrine
The Will Graham Shrine
The Yankee Stadium/New York Yankees Shrine
The Aspen Highlands Shrines are:
The Boobies Shrine
The Bowling Shrine
The Brad Carner Shrine
The Chix Coup Shrine
The Christine (Chrisy) E. Hardy Shrine
The Crazy Bugs Shrine
The D E Va Drive Shrine
The Dog Pound Shrine
The Go Go Gully Shrine
The Ground Hog Shrine
The Haley Rinaldi Shrine
The Jeff Walker Shrine
The K-9 Shrine
The Ksenija Shrine
The Lady Skier Shrine
The Monkey Lounge Shrine
The Rich Kerr Shrine
The Suzie W Shrine
The Buttermilk Shrines are:
The Calvin and Hobbes Shrine
The Chris Polk Shrine
The Chuck Severy & Todd Olson Shrine
The Disney Shrine
The John Denver Shrine
Kiera's--Dedicated to the Lost Friends of Buttermilk Shrine
The Señor Kess Shrine
The Unicorn Shrine
The Winter X Games Shrine
The Snowmass Shrines are:

The Angelique Shrine
The Badass Women Shrine
The Barkley Shrine
The Ben Hogan ("Hogan's Alley") Shrine
The Black Lab Shrine
The Bob Beattie Shrine
The Bobby Jones Shrine
The Brandon Zukoff Shrine BZ Hut
The Breast Cancer Awareness Shrine
The Caddyshack Shrine
The Cheese Life Shrine
The Chicago Blackhawks Shrine
The Dorian Emery Shrine
The Eric Smith Shrine
The Ernest "E.G" Boone Shrine
The Frank Sinatra Shrine
The Golf Shrine (New)
The Golf Shrine (Old)
The Hockey Shrine
The Hunter S. Thompson Shrine
The Jake Foerster Shrine
The Jeff Lammers Shrine
The Joseph Clarke "Joey" Mathews Shrine
The Kathy Kania Shrine
The Kiera Elizabeth Tongish Shrine
The Kitty Cat Shrine
The Levon Helm Shrine
The Lollie Shrine
The Marilyn's Memory Shrine
The Maxwell (Max) Shenk Genshaft Shrine
The Mazik Shrine
The Minnesota Shrine
The Mountain Bike Shrine
The New England Patriots Shrine
The Nicholas Blake Davidson Shrine
The Pamela Sue Maykut Shrine
The Scott Lopez/Stephen Fischel Shrine
The Shelton McClintock Yocum Shrine
The Shrine to Aspen's Skiing Pioneers
The Sign Shrine
The Spider Sabich Shrine
The Stein Eriksen Shrine
The Susan Marie Petrosius Shrine
The T.J. and Leah Engagement Shrine

The Aspen Times - Aspen's Best/The Best of Aspen/Local's Choice

From 2003 through 2010 the Aspen Times invited members of the public to vote on what they thought was the "Best Shrine" or "Favorite Shrine."  This was discontinued starting in 2011 but then started up again in 2016.  Below are the results and quotes from the articles announcing the results: 

2003:  "We knew there were a lot of ski shrines tucked away on our four mountains, but we had no idea just how many. Does everyone know there's a shrine for Britney Spears, or are we just out of the loop?  How about Yankee Stadium?  Guess we need to spend more time in the trees. And judging by this year's winner, the people casting votes spent plenty of 'quality' time hanging out in the woods.  The shrine for the Grateful Dead's late, gray-haired leader, Jerry Garcia, was far and away the most popular.  Jerry has been an all-time Aspen hero, and apparently the legend lives on.  Way back in second was the John Denver shrine.  Denver wrote 'Rocky Mountain High,' but perhaps wasn't as much of a hanging-out-in-the-trees kind of guy ...The Elvis Presley and Jimi Hendrix shrines also proved popular.  Our favorite answers:  Some people apparently missed the header at the top of this category that stated 'On the Mountain.'  St. Mary's Catholic Church is certainly a beautiful shrine, but last we checked it was smack dab in the middle of town.  Either way, a good handful of people called it their favorite shrine.  The roundabout also got a vote, though we're not sure what it's a shrine to.  Endless highway construction?  The way Aspenites go around and around?  Our favorite answer was 'the new shrine we are going to build for Toad.'  Toad Olson, the kids ski instructor who died recently, certainly deserves the best shrine Buttermilk can offer. Everyone pitch in."   July 25, 2003.  

2004:  "BEST SHRINE:  Jerry Garcia.  The shrine to Jerry Garcia on Aspen Mountain is perhaps Aspen's most well-known shrine.  You might say the Jerry shrine leads all others in skier visits.  Located near the top of the FIS chair in the woods off Ruthie's Run, the Jerry shrine is one of dozens of shrines on the four area mountains dedicated to cult figures and - let's be honest - the establishment of woodsy nooks in which to get high.  That said, toking up at the shrine to the hippie guitar hero from the Grateful Dead is sometimes a sketchy proposition - it's the shrine where you're most liable to be visited by a class of ski school kids.  'Jerry who?'"   January 9, 2005. 

2005:  "BEST SHRINE.  There were 24 entries in this category (are there really that many shrines out there?), but only three received enough votes to be actual contenders.  The Grateful Dead must still be hip, because the Jerry Garcia shrine on Aspen Mountain won with 21 votes.  The John Denver Sanctuary in Rio Grande Park came in second, despite being a landscaped sanctuary and not really a "shrine" in the informal-nook-in-the-woods sense of the word.  The Elvis shrine came in third with 14 votes.  Whatever happened to Marilyn Monroe and Ludwig the Dream King?"  September 3, 2005.

2006:  "The shrine to Jerry Garcia, the late and great guitarist for the Grateful Dead, shrine is without a doubt the biggest, baddest, most popular and most colorful shrine of them all.  John Denver got a number of votes, as did the Storm King memorial, but the ragtag monument to Captain Trips has the mojo and wins every year."   September 2, 2006.

2007:  "Jerry Garcia has dominated this category in recent years, but Elvis appears to have come back to life.  Other vote-getters in this uniquely Aspen category included John Denver, Jimi Hendrix, Fort Frog, “lady shrine highlands” and “naked lady smoke shack.”  Yankee Stadium made the list, and this one piqued the staff’s interest: “Future Harley Baldwin.”   September 1, 2007. 

2008:  "Elvis came back to life briefly last year, at least where Aspen’s Best is concerned, but Grateful Dead guitarist Jerry Garcia surged back to prominence in 2008.  The Garcia shrine, tucked into a glade high on Aspen Mountain, is easy to reach and a great spot to relax, so it’s no surprise that it reappears again and again as Aspenites’ favorite shrine.  Other vote-getters, in descending order, included John Denver, Elvis, Eric Smith, Hunter S. Thompson, Chicks on Sticks and, from someone who woke up on the wrong side of the bed, “Don’t Care.”   January 11, 2009. 

2010:  "Any mountain town newspaper could poll its readers about their favorite restaurants, trails and places, but the only place you'll see a question about shrines is in Aspen.  The readers’ favorite among the hidden, richly decorated nooks at our local ski areas is the shrine to Jerry Garcia of the Grateful Dead.  But numerous votes came in for Elvis, John Denver, Marilyn Monroe and Hunter Thompson as well.  There were also a couple of votes for the memorial to the firefighters who died on Storm King mountain near Glenwood Springs in 1994."  June 9, 2010.


2011: The article was renamed "Local's Choice" in 2011 and the "Best/Favorite Shrine" category was dropped until 2016.

2016:  In an article ("Aspen:  Only the Best") in the Aspen Times Weekly of January 5, 2017, the "Best Shrine" in the readers' poll was announced.  First place went to the Grateful Dead/Jerry Garcia Shrine, second place to the John Denver Shrine, and third place to the Aspen Friends We Have Lost/In Memory of Friends of Aspen Shrine.  Here is the link to the article: and here is a quote from the article:  "BEST SHRINE--A Matter of Taste:  If you have a passion, there is likely a shrine on one of our local mountains to tickle your fancy. From the Jerry to Elvis to Marilyn to Hunter S. Thompson, you can find a shrine in their memory. Or, are you more grounded? Seek the Golf Shrine or the Kitty Cat Shrine. Our readers had their faves: Grateful Dead, John Denver and, the one that touches our hearts, Aspen Friends We Have Lost. Here’s to you, Stewy."

2017:  In an article in the Aspen Times Weekly of January 4, 2018, the "Best Shrine" results in the readers' poll were announced:  1.  John Denver Sanctuary, 2.  Grateful Dead/Jerry Garcia, and 3.  Hunter S. Thompson.

2018:  In October 2018 The Aspen Times published their annual readers' poll "Locals' Choice The Best of Aspen & Snowmass 2018."  In the "Best Shrine" category, first place went to the Hunter S. Thompson Shrine on Snowmass.  Aspen Mountain Shrines dedicated to Jerry Garcia and Jimi Hendrix got 2nd and 3rd.  This is the first time in the history of this readers' poll that a shrine on Snowmass has taken first place.

2019:  In 2019 the John Denver Sanctuary finished in first place, followed by the Jerry Garcia and Hunter S. Thompson Shrines.

2020:  The results of the Aspen Times "Best of 2020" were announced on November 27, 2020.  In the "Best Shrine" category:  1. John Denver Sanctuary,  2. Sam Coffey,  3. Jerry Garcia.


The Subjects of the Shrines

Fifteen of the Shrines are to musicians or have a musical connection:  Shrines to The Beatles, Bob Marley, David Bowie, Drummers, Elvis Presley, Frank Sinatra, Jerry Garcia, Jimi Hendrix, Jimmy Buffett, John Denver (two Shrines), Michael Jackson, Liberace, Stevie Ray Vaughan, and Michael Houser of Widespread Panic.

Twelve Shrines have a sports theme:  Auto racing:  Dale Earnhardt. Football:  The New England Patriots and a shrine to Bear Bryant and Alabama football,  Baseball:  There are two baseball shrines--Fenway Park [Boston Red Sox] and Yankee Stadium [New York Yankees].  Golf:  There are five golf-related shrines--Two Shrines honor many deceased greats of the game as a group, another honors Ben Hogan alone, another honors Bobby Jones alone, and one covers the golf movie "Caddyshack."  Hockey:  A shrine dedicated to hockey.  And another one dedicated to the Chicago Black Hawks NHL team.  Bowling:  A shrine dedicated to bowling. 

Tweny three Shrines honor locals, or persons with a local connection: Adam Dennis, Brandon Zukoff, Chris Polk, Christian Daniel Streuli, Christine E. Hardy, Chuck Severy/Todd Olson (one shrine to both men), Eric Smith, Hunter S. Thompson, Jake Foerster, Jeff Walker, John Nicoletta, Kathy Kania, Kiera Elizabeth Tongish, Nancy Pfister, Nicholas Blake Davidson, Patti Seifert, Raoul Wille, Rich Kerr, Robert D. Kesselring ("Señor Kess"), Steve Butts, Suzie W., Ksenija Ilic, Tom Cole, and Tom Sharkey.

The subjects of the remaining Shrines do not fall into any neat categories: The 9/11 victims, Aspen Ski Hall of Fame members and Aspen's Skiing Pioneers, a dog named Bingo, cowboys (The Buckaroo Shrine), Chicks (The Chix Coup Shrine), dogs (The Dog Pound Shrine, the K9 Shrine, and a couple others), cats (The Kitty Cat Shrine), Marilyn Monroe, the Monkey Lounge, mountain bikes, groundhogs, Guinness, the Burning Man Festival, a children's toy called "Pooper Troopers," the cartoon character Snoopy, a shrine to Valentines, unicorns, Calvin and Hobbes, and several others.





See this video, which features David Wood, regarding Snowmass Shrines, on the Snowmass Tourism web site: "Daly Dose of Snowmass – The Shrines January 8, 2014."  Click this link to view the video:   "Have you ever stumbled across any of Snowmass’s best kept secret? We are talking about the Shrines, 60+ memorials to people or things hidden off the slopes and amongst the trees. The Shrines are unique to Aspen/Snowmass — no other resort in the country has anything quite like it. But you can't find them on a map, so you had better start hunting!"



Here are three Shrine tour videos of Shrines on Aspen Mountain only, that were done in 2011.  They were produced by a group of five Aspen locals and copies were given to the author in January of 2015 by one of the members of the group, with permission to post them here.  The videos are entitled "Aspen Mountain Shrine Tour Video 2011."  There are three parts with the run times shown below.  Click the links below to watch all three parts.  Credit for these videos goes to the five members of the group that produced it:  Pat, the Shrine Hunter; Denison, Co-Captain; longtime locals Jane and Wendy; and Videogal Rose (Rose Abello).  The videos show 37 shrines and other items on Aspen Mountain, which are as follows:  Blondie's Cabin (referred to as "Bonnie's Cabin" on the video), Ski Wall, Ski Hall of Fame, John Denver, Pooper Trooper, Buckaroo, Snoopy, No Name #1, 9/11, Australian Friends, Graham Ladd of Canberra, Bingo, Gails Grove, Believe, Red Sox, Yankees, Smoke Shack, Tok-a-lot Chapel, Grateful Dead (Jerry Garcia), Haagen de Bong, Stevie Ray Vaughan, John Nicoletta, Golfers, Jeffrey Ryan Lott "Whoop," Jimi Hendrix, Widespread Panic (Michael Houser), Steve Butts, Raoul Wille, Shakespeare, Beatles, Patti's Paradise, Be Aware Ski With Care (No Name #2), Elvis Presley, Marilyn Monroe, Tom Cole, Christian Daniel Streuli, and Jimmy Buffett.


Cody Musselman--The Right To Shrine

In 2019 Cody Musselman was a doctoral candidate in Religious Studies at Yale University where she studied American Religious History, and on May 28, 2019 she published an academic paper about the Aspen/Snowmass Shrines in the Material Religion journal.  See this page:   The title of the paper is:  “The Right to Shrine”: Global Celebrity, Colonial Logics, and Local Knowledge in Aspen’s Mountainside Memorials.  Maddie Vincent of the Aspen Times and Snowmass Sun published an article about Cody and her paper in the January 2, 2020 Aspen Times and this is the link to that article, "The Right To Shrine"    Also, see this January 31, 2020 article by Gordy Megroz, "WHAT A YALE SCHOLAR DISCOVERED ABOUT ASPEN’S HIDDEN SHRINES" in the REI Coop Journal:

Click on the images of the Maddie Vincent article below to enlarge:

Some Aspen/Snowmass shrines come and go, and others have survived for a number of years. Even the shrines that have survived for an extended period of time are ever changing. New items are put up and old items fall down or give in to the elements. So the Shrine you visit may not look exactly like the photos on this site. However, all the Shrines on this site exist or existed in one form or another (except as indicated) at some point in time, and at one time or another looked like the photos shown on this website. All photos on this site are by the author except as indicated. All photos on the Shrine pages and the Plaques and Memorials pages can be enlarged by clicking on them.
Every Shrine and Memorial has a story or stories.  Help the author to improve this site by sharing any information you might have on any of the items covered on this site.  Help preserve the history of this unique Aspen institution.  Write to
The Shrines and Memorials of Aspen/Snowmass are special.  Find them, look at them, enjoy them, and take your photographs.  But please respect them and those to whom they are dedicated, and leave them as you found them.  Thank you.